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Parshat Mishpatim


5760 "These are the laws (Mishpatim) you should place before them" The first Rebbe of Chabad, the Baal (author of) HaTanya explains this first sentence of our Torah section to mean: "These are the laws you should put INSIDE of them"
5761 This week’s section deals in great detail with one of the most mundane topics in the Torah; the laws of property damages. Surprisingly the Zohar explains that these monetary laws contain one of the deepest mystical secrets of all; the mystery of ‘gilgulim’ … reincarnation!
5762 This week's Torah portion contains 53 laws. The first is the law of the Jewish Slave and another is the commandment to observe the Three Holidays Pesach, Shavuot and Succot (23:14).
5763 This week's section, which opens with the law of a Jewish slave, contains over fifty commandments and one of them is to lend money (without interest).
5764 This week's Torah portion begins with G-d telling Moses: "These are the Mishpatim commandments you should put before them (the Jews): When you buy a Jewish servant etc."
5765 This week's Torah section begins with the law of the Jewish servant (Eved Ivri). The word 'Torah' means 'practical teaching'. In fact, the Torah is such a timely instruction-book that all the problems facing Jews at any given time are answered in that week's Torah section.
5766 This week's section begins with G-d telling Moses 'These are the laws (Mishpatim) you should put before them (Lifnayhem)'. The Lubavitcher Rebbe explains that 'Mishpatim' are the type of Torah laws that make practical sense (like the damage cases mentioned in our section). They aren't like the Torah laws called 'Aydut' that make only religious sense (like Tefillin or Mezuza) or 'Chukim' which are totally illogical (like not cooking meat and milk together). And the word 'Lifnayhem' also means 'inside of them'
5767 According the mystical book the Zohar every idea, sentence and letter of the Torah contains deep mysteries. For instance, many the fifty three commandments of this week's Torah portion, although they deal with damages and monetary laws, really explain the workings of re-incarnation (gilgulim).
5768 In this week's Torah portion we find 53 commandments and one of them is to loan money, without interest of course, or at least to give charity (which is less honorable) to poor Jews. But at first glance this is not understood. G-d is infinitely good, possesses all the money and we Jews are His people. So how can there be poor Jews?
5769
5770 This week we learn many of the detailed laws that G-d gave on Mount Sinai to Jews. These G-dly laws embrace and affect all creation from the deepest and most esoteric spiritual worlds and levels of the Jewish soul to even the most mundane aspects of gentile jurisprudence.
5771 This week's section contains fifty-three commandments, the majority of which deal with money and one is the commandment to loan money to the needy. (22:24) The Rambam (Matnas Anyim 10:7) teaches that loaning money (of course without interest) is the highest form of charity as it maintains the dignity of the receiver.
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